GalliumOS comes with a good selection of desktop and utility software, but there is a huge variety of additional options and alternatives.
GalliumOS can install any software packages built for Ubuntu, directly from the Canonical package servers.
There are also some frequently-requested applications that are not available from Canonical, or are more complicated to install. A few are listed here. Please add more!
- 1 Desktop
- 2 Games
- 3 Utilities
- 4 Hardware Optimization
- 5 Miscellaneous
curl -O https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb sudo apt install ./google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
Adobe Flash apps (and Twitch streams, etc) require Adobe Flash Player, which is not included by default in GalliumOS.
- Install adobe-flashplugin from Canonical's
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) partner" sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install adobe-flashplugin
- Confirm installation by entering
about:plugins(Firefox) into the URL bar
The proprietary version of Google Chrome includes PepperFlash, and does not require an additional plugin.
Aurora is the developer preview of Firefox.
The stable version of Firefox can be installed from the standard Canonical repositories with
sudo apt install firefox.
Pale Moon is a web browser, originally derived from Firefox, and optimized for performance.
- Official site: http://linux.palemoon.org/
- Installation: https://software.opensuse.org/download.html?project=home%3Astevenpusser&package=palemoon
- (Follow instructions for Ubuntu)
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 curl -OL http://download.teamviewer.com/download/teamviewer_i386.deb sudo dpkg -i teamviewer_i386.deb
Google Drive integration
- Install the software
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alessandro-strada/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install google-drive-ocamlfuse
- Run google-drive-ocamlfuse for first time setup.
You'll get a browser window asking you to sign in to your Google account and if you want to give gdfuse OAuth2 Endpoint permission to access your Drive files. Hit Accept / Allow for any following dialog. Close the browser window.
- Next, create a directory where your Google Drive files will be mounted, preferably in your home directory, and mount Google Drive to that directory.
mkdir ~/googledrive google-drive-ocamlfuse ~/googledrive
You can check if Google Drive is mounted by performing:
You can also check how much space you have left:
If you want to unmount, simply run
fusermount -u ~/googledrive
- To mount Google Drive at startup, set the following command to run at boot with Session and Startup.
google-drive-ocamlfuse -label default /home/<user>/googledrive
Alternatively, you may wish to set Google Drive to mount at startup using the
/etc/fstab file. If so, create the file
/usr/bin/gdfuse with the following contents, replacing
<user> with your GalliumOS username, then run
sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/gdfuse.
#!/bin/bash su <user> -l -c "google-drive-ocamlfuse $*" exit 0
Next, add the following line to your
/etc/fstab, again replacing
<user> with your user, and replacing the
uid/<code> and <code>gid values with the values retrieved from the
echo $UID and
echo $GID commands respectively.
gdfuse /home/<user>/googledrive fuse uid=1000,gid=1000,user 0 0
If you decide to change the mount location for Google Drive, make sure the location is owned by your user. You can do so by running
chown $UID:$GID /mount/location.
A word of warning, large files such as movies or large videos don't work too well with google-drive-ocamlfuse using default settings. Files are cached to ~/.gdfuse/default/cache. A config file can be found in the directory above that, with parameters to allow for streaming larger files, cache size, etc.. The streaming larger files parameter is perfect for large videos and movies. For more information, check out gdfuse on GitHub.
Adapted from: http://xmodulo.com/mount-google-drive-linux.html
Most up-to-date instructions can be found on project home page: https://github.com/astrada/google-drive-ocamlfuse/wiki
Download the .deb below, and install using:
sudo dpkg -i skypeforlinux-64.deb
If you have the older Skype client installed, you will need to update to the newest client. For information on the older client, see: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Skype
Note that while this is the only officially supported Skype client, it is an beta, so not everything may work.
Wine has been a source of frustration. These instructions are verified on a fresh install of 2.0.
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install wine1.8
Simple Screen Recorder
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-keys BBEBDCB318AD50EC6865090613B00F1FD2C19886 echo deb http://repository.spotify.com stable non-free | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install spotify-client
Kodi Media Center
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties pkg-config software-properties-common sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:team-xbmc/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install kodi
curl -O http://repo.steampowered.com/steam/archive/precise/steam_latest.deb sudo apt install python-apt sudo dpkg -i steam_latest.deb
Then launch Steam from the application launcher. Your user must be in the "sudo" group (if it is not, the dpkg command above will also fail), so that the installer can do all the things it needs to do.
Mojang/Microsoft has a new installer package, which makes things much easier:
- Download Debian/Ubuntu
- Double-click to install using AppGrid (or
sudo dpkg -i Minecraft.debshould work)
- Launch Minecraft from Launcher Menu (under Games)
Graphical lightweight version of rsync to back up data between drives
sudo apt-get install grsync
Backup APT sources/repository data
sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install aptik
Install the following two packages to get OpenVPN connectivity with your favorite VPN service.
sudo apt-get install openvpn network-manager-openvpn
Used to keep the screen awake with full screen applications such as full screen video.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8 sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install caffeine-plus
Used to browse the tor browser for anonymous web browsing. Can be seen here https://wiki.galliumos.org/Tor
Monitor process and device power consumption. Includes a handy auto-tune option which can be run at startup that helps to minimize power consumption. Powertop also provides a calibration option, which some people have reported issues with (locks up device?).
sudo apt-get install powertop sudo powertop
Powertop needs to be run every time the system boots. Expand for instructions:
Advanced power management tool that also provides a default configuration optimized for battery life for "install and forget it" benefits. TLP has reportedly provided some improvement to battery life. Your mileage may vary.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp sudo apt-get install tlp sudo tlp start
These have been discussed, but are not presently candidates for inclusion in the default installation. They might be of special interest, might have important caveats, or might be the unchosen of other options. Presented here for convenience.
Changing the Window Manager
i3window manager is a minimal tiling window manager that can be successfully installed alongside the default galliumos WM (
Hardware temperature monitor
xfce4-sensors-pluginfrom Ubuntu repositories. WARNING: Do not select
tachos. It will crash your desktop.
clipitfrom Ubuntu repositories. Developer homepage is missing. Be conscious of the security implications of all clipboard managers.
- https://mpv.io/ Lightweight, but very minimal UI
smplayerfrom Ubuntu repositories. Lightweight.
OBSfrom PPA. One of the most popular screen recording tools. See https://obsproject.com/ for more info.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:obsproject/obs-studio sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install obs-studio
kazamfrom Ubuntu repositories. Alternative to
simplescreenrecorder, above. See https://apps.ubuntu.com/cat/applications/kazam/ for more info.
Disk Usage/Performance Indicators
xfce4-goodiesfrom Ubuntu repositories includes a free space checker applet
xfce4-diskperf-pluginfrom Ubuntu repositories is a disk performance monitor applet, and shows usage as well