Difference between revisions of "Additional Software"

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(New hotness to install Chrome (apt handles dependencies))
(Powertop needs to run as root; service should pull from /usr/sbin)
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ExecStart=/usr/bin/powertop --auto-tune
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/powertop --auto-tune

Revision as of 22:25, 6 August 2016

NOTE (20160702) Most of the instructions here are for GalliumOS 1.0 and have not yet been tested for GalliumOS 2.0. Most will work without change, but some updates will probably be necessary. These will be updated soon, but please let us know if you run into any issues!

GalliumOS comes with a good selection of desktop and utility software, but there is a huge variety of additional options and alternatives.

GalliumOS can install any software packages built for Ubuntu, directly from the Canonical package servers.

There are also some frequently-requested applications that are not available from Canonical, or are more complicated to install. A few are listed here. Please add more!


Google Chrome

curl -O https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo apt install ./google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

Adobe Flash

Adobe Flash apps (and Twitch streams, etc) require Adobe Flash Player, which is not included by default in GalliumOS.

  • Install adobe-flashplugin from Canonical's partner repository.
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu vivid partner"
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install adobe-flashplugin
  • Confirm installation by entering chrome://plugins (Chromium) or about:plugins (Firefox) into the URL bar

The proprietary version of Google Chrome includes PepperFlash, and does not require an additional plugin.

  • For GalliumOS 2.0: Process is still valid, but replace vivid with xenial in the add-apt-repository command line.

Firefox Aurora (developer preview)

See https://launchpad.net/~ubuntu-mozilla-daily/+archive/ubuntu/firefox-aurora


sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
curl -OL http://download.teamviewer.com/download/teamviewer_i386.deb
sudo dpkg -i teamviewer_i386.deb

Google Drive integration

NOTE: Instructions need update for GalliumOS 2.0. Error reported when adding user to fuse group.

  • Install the software
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alessandro-strada/ppa
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install google-drive-ocamlfuse
  • Next, add yourself to the Linux group fuse so you can mount Google Drive without root.
 sudo usermod -a -G fuse <user_name>
 exec su -l $USER
  • Run google-drive-ocamlfuse for first time setup.

You'll get a browser window asking you to sign in to your Google account and if you want to give gdfuse OAuth2 Endpoint permission to access your Drive files. Hit Accept / Allow for any following dialog. Close the browser window.

  • Next, create a directory where your Google Drive files will be mounted, preferably in your home directory, and mount Google Drive to that directory.
 mkdir ~/googledrive
 google-drive-ocamlfuse ~/googledrive

You can check if Google Drive is mounted by performing:


You can also check how much space you have left:


If you want to unmount, simply run

 fusermount -u ~/googledrive
  • To mount Google Drive at startup, set the following command to run at boot with Session and Startup.
 google-drive-ocamlfuse -label default /home/<user>/googledrive

A word of warning, large files such as movies or large videos don't work too well with google-drive-ocamlfuse using default settings. Files are cached to ~/.gdfuse/default/cache. A config file can be found in the directory above that, with parameters to allow for streaming larger files, cache size, etc.. The streaming larger files parameter is perfect for large videos and movies. For more information, check out gdfuse on GitHub.

Adapted from: http://xmodulo.com/mount-google-drive-linux.html


sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ $(lsb_release -sc) partner"
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install skype

Source: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Skype

See also: https://www.skype.com/en/download-skype/skype-for-linux/


Wine has been a source of frustration. These instructions are verified on a fresh install of 1.0beta2.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install wine1.8

Simple Screen Recorder

sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder


sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-keys BBEBDCB318AD50EC6865090613B00F1FD2C19886
echo deb http://repository.spotify.com stable non-free | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install spotify-client

Source: https://www.spotify.com/us/download/linux/

Kodi Media Center

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties pkg-config software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:team-xbmc/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install kodi



curl -O http://repo.steampowered.com/steam/archive/precise/steam_latest.deb
sudo dpkg -i steam_latest.deb

Then launch Steam from the application launcher. Your user must be in the "sudo" group (if it is not, the dpkg command above will also fail), so that the installer can do all the things it needs to do.


sudo bash
apt-get install default-jre
curl -o /usr/local/bin/Minecraft.jar https://s3.amazonaws.com/Minecraft.Download/launcher/Minecraft.jar
curl -o /usr/share/pixmaps/minecraft.png https://chrx.org/minecraft.png
mkdir -p /usr/local/share/applications
cat > /usr/local/share/applications/minecraft.desktop <<EOF
[Desktop Entry]
Exec=java -jar /usr/local/bin/Minecraft.jar



Graphical lightweight version of rsync to back up data between drives

 sudo apt-get install grsync


Backup APT sources/repository data

sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install aptik


Install the following two packages to get OpenVPN connectivity with your favorite VPN service.

sudo apt-get install openvpn network-manager-openvpn


Used to keep the screen awake with full screen applications such as full screen video.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install caffeine-plus

Source: Webupd8

Hardware Optimization

Battery Tuning


Monitor process and device power consumption. Includes a handy auto-tune option which can be run at startup that helps to minimize power consumption. Powertop also provides a calibration option, which some people have reported issues with (locks up device?).

sudo apt-get install powertop
sudo powertop

Powertop needs to be run every time the system boots. Expand for instructions:

Create /etc/systemd/system/powertop.service with the following content:

Description=Powertop tunings

ExecStart=/usr/sbin/powertop --auto-tune


Then reboot.

Source: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Powertop


Advanced power management tool that also provides a default configuration optimized for battery life for "install and forget it" benefits. TLP has reportedly provided some improvement to battery life. Your mileage may vary.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp 
sudo apt-get install tlp
sudo tlp start


These have been discussed, but are not presently candidates for inclusion in the default installation. They might be of special interest, might have important caveats, or might be the unchosen of other options. Presented here for convenience.

Hardware temperature monitor

  • xfce4-sensors-plugin from Ubuntu repositories. WARNING: Do not select tachos. It will crash your desktop.

Clipboard Manager

  • clipit from Ubuntu repositories. Developer homepage is missing. Be conscious of the security implications of all clipboard managers.

Video Player

  • https://mpv.io/ Lightweight, but very minimal UI
  • smplayer from Ubuntu repositories. Lightweight.

Screen Recorder

Disk Usage/Performance Indicators

  • xfce4-goodies from Ubuntu repositories includes a free space checker applet
  • xfce4-diskperf-plugin from Ubuntu repositories is a disk performance monitor applet, and shows usage as well